Lawn Care Guide

Keep your lawn looking lush, green and in tiptop condition all year round with our regular lawn care maintenance programme.


  • To prevent damage to the grass blades try not to walk on the lawn if it is frozen or waterlogged as the grass is unable to repair itself during its dormant period.
  • Service the mower and get the blades sharpened so that it’s ready for the first cut in spring.
  • Keep the lawn free of debris such as leaves and twigs, as this could encourage the onset of lawn diseases such as snow mould.


  • Overseed the lawn if necessary with Paynes’ unique grass seed mixture.
  • Apply a nutrient-filled top dressing such as our 6mm fine loam to generate new growth and level out the surface of the lawn.
  • Start mowing the lawn as soon as it begins to grow, but only ‘top’ the grass blades on the first cut.


  • Scarify the lawn using a spring tined rake to remove any dead plant material in the lawn.
  • Repair damaged areas of grass by returfing or reseeding.
  • Mowing is the most important task for the continued health of a lawn, so mow whenever necessary (depending upon growth rate) with the mower blades on a high setting to protect the grass against damage from frost.
  • Feed the lawn with a spring fertiliser, applying it evenly to avoid a patchy appearance.


  • Increase the frequency of mowing and gradually reduce the height of the cut to between 25 and 30mm. Never remove more than a third of the grass length at any one time.
  • Water the lawn once a week early in the morning if the weather is very dry.
  • In peak growing conditions it may be necessary to mow the lawn up to twice a week.


  • If the weather is very dry, water the lawn thoroughly and ensure water reaches the roots of the grass by removing a ‘plug’ of turf. It’s very important to regularly water the lawn in dry conditions to prevent it from drying out and going brown. Note, however, that grass is very resilient and will recover from drought damage.
  • Mow less often if the weather is hot and dry and leave the grass clippings on the lawn to help retain ground moisture.
  • Continue to water the lawn deeply once a week during dry periods if necessary.


  • Scarify the lawn to remove any build up of thatch and to improve the lawn’s condition and appearance.
  • Aerate the lawn to allow air, water and nutrients to penetrate down to the roots of the grass. This will also help with drainage.
  • Towards the end of the month feed the lawn with an autumn lawn fertiliser.


  • Begin to raise the height of the mower blades to keep the grass at a longer length – this will help to protect the roots of the turf from frost damage.
  • Apply a top dressing to smooth out the surface of the lawn, improve the soil, and help to protect the grass over the winter.
  • Rake up fallen leaves to prevent the onset of diseases.


  • Continue to keep the lawn free from debris such as leaves and twigs.
  • Keep mowing the grass if the lawn is still growing, but only when the grass is dry.
  • Disperse worm casts with a stiff broom.
  • Clean and service the mower before storing in a dry place.


Pests and Diseases



Naturally occurring in the autumn and winter in mild and damp weather, white mould spores can appear on your lawn particularly in shady or sheltered areas. Although this can be a bit unsightly, frosty weather usually eliminates it. The grass usually recovers the following spring.  


Common in warm and damp conditions on newly laid turf and established lawns.
Do not eat toadstools as they could well be poisonous. The best way of removing them is to use a mower with a grass box attached and cut the grass as you usually would. Although toadstools are unsightly they will not harm the grass.

Red Thread

A fungal disease that naturally occurs when the grass is under stress. To combat red thread make sure the soil under your lawn is well structured and free draining. Applying a high nitrogen fertiliser can also help the grass to recover.

Leather Jackets

Leather Jacket grubs are the larvae of daddy long legs/crane flies. Female adults lay eggs in late summer which quickly hatch into leather jackets. They then live underground over the winter and spring period, before hatching and flying away as new crane flies.

Leather Jackets feed mainly on the roots of the turf, which causes the grass to have stunted growth and brown patches. Most damage occurs during spring.

The best way to control Leather Jackets is with an insecticide made by Bayer called Provado lawn grub killer. This can be purchased from most garden centres.

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